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On the launch pad

A emergency evacuation system is set up on the launching pad. It consists of a footbridge, leading to the entry trap door of the shuttle, which is withdrawn 1 minute before starting and can be put back in 10-15 s. This footbridge is connected to the control bunker by 2 conduits: in the first the inclined elevator is located to bring the crew, whereas in the other there is a "toboggan" for the emergency evacuation.

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In the second plan one sees the 2 footbridges very well. Footbridges connected to the entry trap
door of the shuttle

Moreover, 10 to 20 min before the departure, once the service tower is withdrawn, the ejector seat can be used immediately if a problem occurs.